What raw materials did Europe get from Africa?
Africa and global markets Another inducement for imperialism arose from the demand for raw materials, especially copper, cotton, rubber , palm oil, cocoa, diamonds , tea, and tin, to which European consumers had grown accustomed and upon which European industry had grown dependent.
How was sub Saharan Africa affected by the arrival of European traders?
African states generally restricted the European presence to coastal ports of trade . It was also due to the high mortality rate Europeans experienced along most of the African coast. Europeans had little resistance to diseases like malaria and yellow fever that decimated their numbers.
What natural resources did Africa have that Europe wanted?
Raw materials like rubber , timber , diamonds , and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes. During the 1800s, Europeans moved further into the continent in search of raw materials and places to build successful colonies.
What were the motives for European expansion into the interior of West Africa in the 19 century?
The short answer is industrialization. As industrialization spread and matured in the 19th century throughout western and central Europe , it gave countries the wealth, technology, and motivation to look beyond their homelands. Nations competed with each other for access to raw materials, markets, and cheap labor.
Which European motive behind Imperialism in Africa was the most powerful?
The most powerful motive behind imperialism in Africa was the acquisition of resources. These include, land, labor, people, minerals, etc. The Europeans were outnumbered by the black Africans , but we’re advantaged by the relatively passive and friendliness mannerisms of the black Africans .
Did Africa ever invade Europe?
Africans were never “in power” the way you put it, they never had enough power to colonize Europe . ‘Moors’ invaded and occupied southern spain for a pro-longed period of time, they were muslims from north africa .
What items did European traders trade for African slaves?
Africans were either captured in warring raids or kidnapped and taken to the port by African slave traders. There they were exchanged for iron , guns , gunpowder , mirrors, knives, cloth , and beads brought by boat from Europe. When Europeans arrived along the West African coast, slavery already existed on the continent.
How did trade link Europe Africa and Asia?
As trade developed, merchants established regular trade routes. By the 1500s, a complex trade network linked Europe , Africa, and Asia . Much of this trade passed through the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. Ships from China and India brought their cargoes of spices, silks, and gems to ports on the Red Sea.
What has been the impact of slavery in Africa?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa . This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
Why is Africa so rich in resources?
Africa is blessed with a rich bounty of natural resources . The continent holds around 30% of the world’s known mineral reserves. Given this natural wealth , it comes as no surprise that with the tripling of global mineral and oil prices in the past decade, mining has exploded on the African continent.
What is Africa’s main export?
From Algerian petroleum and natural gas in the north, to Zambian copper in the south, these exports dominate many national economies. Consider Nigeria, whose biggest export is petroleum and petroleum products: according to OPEC, the oil and gas sector accounts for over a third of gross domestic product.
Is Nigeria richer than South Africa?
Nigeria’s GDP surpassed that of South Africa about a decade ago, according to the World Bank. Last year, Nigeria’s economy was valued at $397 billion, while South Africa – once the biggest player on the continent – had a GDP of $366 billion.
What was Africa like before colonization?
At its peak, prior to European colonialism , it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs. From the mid-7th century, the Arab slave trade saw Arabs enslave Africans . They transported enslaved West, Central, and Southern Africans overseas.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
What part of Africa do most Jamaicans come from?
Jamaican enslaved peoples came from West/Central Africa and South-East Africa . Many of their customs survived based on memory and myths.