How is energy transported outward in the sun’s interior quizlet?
visible light. Energy moves through the sun in two main ways: by radiation and by convection. Energy from the radiation zone passes into the convection zone, the outer layer of the sun’s interior . In the convection zone, energy is transferred outward mainly by convection currents.
What are the interior layers that this energy travels through?
The Sun’s energy, which is produced in the core , travels outwards. The energy travels first through the radiative zone , where particles of light (photons) carry the energy. It actually takes millions of years for a photon to move to the next layer, the convection zone .
Where and how is energy created in the sun’s interior?
The sun generates energy from a process called nuclear fusion. During nuclear fusion, the high pressure and temperature in the sun’s core cause nuclei to separate from their electrons. Hydrogen nuclei fuse to form one helium atom. During the fusion process, radiant energy is released.
What happens to energy in the sun’s convection zone quizlet?
What happens to energy in the Sun’s convection zone ? Energy is transported outward by the rising of hot plasma and sinking of cooler plasma. The Sun’s surface seethes and churns with a bubbling pattern.
How is energy moving in the convection zone?
convection . is the transfer of energy from place to place by the motion of heated gas or liquid. Rising currents of hot gas in the convection zone carry energy toward the Sun’s surface.
Why do sunspots appear dark?
Sunspots are a magnetic phenomenon on the Sun. The reason a sunspot appears dark is that the gas inside the spot where the magnetic field is strongest is only emitting about 1/4 as much light as from the rest of the solar surface.
What are the 3 layers of the sun’s interior?
The inner layers are the Core , Radiative Zone and Convection Zone . The outer layers are the Photosphere , the Chromosphere , the Transition Region and the Corona . IRIS will focus its investigation on the Chromosphere and Transition Region.
What is the hottest layer in the sun’s atmosphere?
The outermost atmospheric layer is the corona , which gets really hot, almost 2,000,000 degrees F. This is where the solar wind begins. These layers can only be seen during total solar eclipses.
What is the process that carries the sun’s energy?
What is the process that carries the Sun’s energy the rest of the way to the Sun’s surface? What carries the energy ? The process is convection. The energy is carried by moving volumes of gas.
What two names does the sun’s energy have?
All of the energy from the Sun that reaches the Earth arrives as solar radiation, part of a large collection of energy called the electromagnetic radiation spectrum. Solar radiation includes visible light, ultraviolet light, infrared, radio waves, X-rays, and gamma rays.
Does the sun make noise?
The surface of the Sun produces sound waves because the surface is convecting and this produces pressure waves that travel into the inner corona. But yes, the surface does produce sound waves, but they have very low wavelengths measures in hundreds of miles!
Where did the energy of the sun come from originally?
The heat from the proto- sun heated the solar nebula, especially the inner nebula. Eventually the pressures and temperatures in the core of the proto- sun became great enough that hydrogen nuclei fused together to form helium. This nuclear reaction released huge amounts of energy , as it continues to do today.
How can we best observe the sun’s chromosphere and corona?
How can we best observe the Sun’s chromosphere and corona ? The chromosphere is best observed with infrared telescopes and the corona is best observed with ultraviolet telescopes.
What happens in the convection zone?
A region of turbulent plasma between a star’s core and its visible photosphere at the surface, through which energy is transferred by convection . In the convection zone , hot plasma rises, cools as it nears the surface, and falls to be heated and rise again.
What layer of the sun are we seeing in this photo?